ISTIOPHORIDAE (MARLINS AND SAILFISHES)
Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw & Nodder)
(Sailfish) (photo: 176 cm FL, Rota Banks)
FL: to 250 cm; IGFA all-tackle record: 100.2 kg (221 lb), Galapagos
The Sailfish is an open-ocean, near-surface species that is most
abundant near land masses, particularly in the region from southern
Japan to the Philippines and New Guinea. Sailfish have been
known to enter water as shallow as 12 m and occasionally feed on
bottomfishes and crustaceans, although their diet usually consists
of pelagic fishes and squid. The Sailfish may be the worlds
fastest fish, capable of speeds of 110 kph (68 mph). They
are uncommon around Guam and make up only a minor proportion of
the Japanese longline catch in this area.
CIRCUMTROPICAL: All seas warmer than 22°C (72°F).